A gegevens center facility that draws close to 140 megawatts of power had better be housing some very significant tenants with some world-shaking projects. Te an announcement Saturday, a company called Bitmain Technologies Ltd. said, if the weather holds out, it could finish construction on a colossal (judging from the pictures), 45-building solar-powered gegevens center elaborate te China’s Xinjiang autonomous region.
Its “major application,” according to the announcement, will be the “mining” of Bitcoin’s virtual currency — a process originally designed to be distributed among Bitcoin stakeholders worldwide through a P2P network. The mining process involves computing the parameters necessary to achieve the zindelijk encryption of Bitcoin’s virtual monetary transactions, since the encryption method for producing its blockchain is non-algorithmic.
Not only will this gegevens center’s primary application be self-serving, but much — if not all — of its hardware will be dedicated to the task. Bitmain is the manufacturer of a custom-built form-factor line of Bitcoin mining-dedicated hardware components called Antminer. Its “home version,” which looks like an outdoor mosquito trapje laid on its side and plugged into a 220V power supply using exposed wiring, is said to supply 2600W of peak power output. Bitmain says each Antminer consumes 845W, making it into one thirsty little brute.
Assuming some form of Antminer is used to power this mining operation, wij used an ancient mining device called a “calculator” to perform some math, te an effort to pack ter the details Bitmain omitted.
A 135 MW ingewikkeld, operating at total capacity, would provide enough power to fuel 159,763 Antminers. With 45 buildings ter the complicated (which, from the 3D models, looks somewhat like a solar-powered POW camp), that’s about Three,550 Antminers vanaf building.
Each stripped-down Antminer’s awkward 5U form factor should still be enough to seat 8 units te a tray that’s 5U tall. You could conceivably pack 64 Antminers into one rack, and leave slagroom for a 2U power supply. . . if a standard 2U supply could feed them all. A full-size 2U UPS very likely produces no more than Three,200W, for a ratio of one UPS for every three Antminers.
Assuming Bitmain has done its best to optimize each Antminer’s power consumption, it might be able to squeeze eight Ants into a kleuter of “module.” A utter 5U of that module would house the compute units, and you’d need 4U for about 6,400W of power. Each module being 9U tall, you could gezond five of them into a 45U rack.
With Three,550 Antminers to distribute across each building at 40 vanaf rack, that gives you 89 racks vanaf building. For racks alone, you’d need Two,670 square feet vanaf building, or 120,150 square feet total. That’s not counting the extra space consumption for power distribution, so for safety, let’s round it up to 135,000 square feet. That would give you a power density of about 1 kW/sq. ft.
Compare this against the real world where money is made of contant. Switch Communications’ state-of-the-art, 407,000 square foot SuperNAP facility te Lasnaad Vegas boasts the capability to produce power densities of 1.Five kW/sq. ft. So Bitmain’s vormgeving, even spil power thirsty spil an Antminer is, may be well within reason.
SuperNAP’s tenant is online auction giant eBay. Bitmain’s foot tenant — or so it would show up, for now — is itself.
A June 2016 Fresh York Times article by reporter Nathaniel Popper introduced us to Jihan Wu, the founder of Bitmain. Te a virtual currency space whose value is determined ter large measure by how many individuals may be “mining” for value (guessing the right parameters for encryption functions for their own transactions), Wu capitalized by creating a system called Antpool. Think of it like a mutual fund ter the virtual space, where investors pool their resources, and ter so doing pool their mining capacities.
Now you get an idea what the Xinjiang ingewikkeld seeks to become: a kleintje of super-drill for seeking the ultimate solutions spil expeditiously spil possible. The more answers they find, the more virtual currency is produced spil their prize.
Popper’s story painted a picture of the Bitcoin ecosystem spil a entire has having bot all of a sudden driven away from diversity and broad distribution, and toward consolidation around a handful of China-based companies. Photographs depicted what show up to be the husks of abandoned barns and factory houses having bot commandeered for use spil server farms.
Which would make Bitmain’s ambitious plans, at least from one angle, look almost similar to progress.